Scientific Name: Chamaeleonidae
Size (L):2.8cm – 68.5cm (1.1in – 27in)
Weight: 0.01kg – 2kg (0.02lbs – 4.4lbs)
Top Speed:35km/h (21mph)
Life Span: 4 – 8 years
Conservation Status: Threatened
The chameleon is a very distinctive and well-known species of lizard, due to the large eyes and curled tail of the chameleon. Chameleons are found throughout jungle and desert alike, in Africa, Asia and parts of Southern Europe and chameleons have also been introduced to parts of North America.
There are thought to be more than 160 different species of chameleon that range from just an inch to more than a couple of feet in size. The tiny pygmy leaf chameleon, found in the jungles of Madagascar, is the smallest species of chameleon with some males measuring less than 3 cm long.
The largest species of chameleon, the Malagasy giant chameleon, is also natively found in the jungles of Madagascar and can grow to nearly 70 cm in length. Parson’s chameleon, also found in Madagascar can grow to around 65 cm in length.
Some species of chameleon, although not all, are able to change the colour of their skin in order to be camouflaged into their surroundings. These colour changes in the chameleon’s skin colour can include colours such as pink, blue, red, orange, green, black, brown, light blue, yellow and turquoise, all so that the chameleon can blend in more easily.